Prostration as evidence of corruption?

Sam Shamoun

Bassam Zawadi has produced a rather lengthy paper (*) attempting to disprove the claim that the Quran and the so-called authentic Islamic narratives confirm the authority and textual reliability of the Holy Bible.

{Side note: It is rather amusing to see that the title that Zawadi chose for his paper, Evidence That Islam Endorses Textual Corruption of The Christian and Jewish Scriptures, actually says the opposite of what the author intended to say. The verb "to endorse" does not mean "to teach" or "to claim", but means "to give approval of or support to, especially by public statement; sanction" (source), "to approve openly; to express support or approval of publicly and definitely" (source). Zawadi's title states that Islam, instead of exposing or correcting the alleged corruptions, actually approves of and sanctions them. In other words, his title is implying that the primary sources of Islam accept that these so-called Biblical "corruptions" are actually from God, that these are inspired scribal corruptions!}

In this recent "rebuttal" Zawadi has provided more evidence to support our assertion that not only is he incapable of understanding and accurately handling the Biblical text but he also grossly distorts and misunderstands his own Islamic sources.

What makes this particular article rather ironic is that much of Zawadi’s post actually confirms and reinforces the conclusions reached in our own materials on this very issue, providing attestation for our exegesis of specific Quranic passages and narratives that deal specifically with the topic of Biblical authority, e.g. the meaning and exegesis of Q. 2:75-79. For details please consult the materials found here.

In fact, we will even be using Zawadi’s citations from certain Muslim scholars in our future rebuttals and articles to support our exegesis of particular Quranic texts and Islamic reports. For that we want to thank him since he has done us all a great service by citing from a Muslim source which provides rough translations of specific Islamic quotes which otherwise would have remained unknown to the vast majority of Christians as well as English-speaking Muslims.

Zawadi also provided a few narratives which, if true, actually backfire against his own beliefs in the authenticity and integrity of the Muslim scripture. The reasoning employed by these particular sources to discredit the Holy Bible can be used more forcefully against the textual veracity of the Quran.

All of these points and assertions will become more evident in our current response as well in forthcoming rebuttals.

In order to get the ball rolling, we provide here an example of a narration which can be used to disprove the textual purity and preservation of the Quran:

Al-Hakim related in Al-Mustadrak the following Hadith...

Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Abdullah As-Saffar told us: Ahmad Ibn Mahdi Ibn Rustum Al-Asfahani told us: Mu'azh Ibn Hisham Ad-Distwani told us: my father told me: Al-Qasim Ibn ‘Awf Ash-Shaybani told me: Mu'azh Ibn Jabal - radiya Allahu’anhu - told us that he went to Sham and saw the Christians prostrate to their Bishops and priests and saw the Jews prostrate to their Rabbis and scholars. He said, "Why do you do this?" they answered, "This is the greeting of Prophets (peace be upon him)". I said, "We better do this to our Prophet". Allah's Prophet - salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam - said, "They lied about their Prophets just as they distorted their Book. If I were to command anyone to prostrate to anyone, I would command woman to prostrate to her husband for his great right upon her. No woman will taste the sweetness of Faith till she does her husband's rights even if he asks herself while she is on a Qutub" (Al-Hakim commented, "This hadith is authentic according to standards of Al-Bukhari and Muslim, but they did not relate it" This hadith was also related by At-Tabarani in "Al-Mu'jam Al-Kabir" vol. 8, p.31 but it includes An-Nahhas Ibn Fahm who is a weak narrator. Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal related it with a sound chain of transmission in his Musnad vol. 4, p. 381 (online source) with the following chain: ‘Abdullah told us: my father (Ibn Hanbal) told me: Mu'azh Ibn Hisham told us: my father told me: Al-Qasim Ibn ‘Awf - a man from Al-Kufa, one of Bani Murra Ibn Hammam - told me: Mu'azh Ibn Jabal - radiya Allahu’anhu - told us that .. and mentioned the hadith. This hadith has been authenticated by Ibn Hajar Al Haytami in his Majma' Al Zawaaid, Volume 4, page 312. He said of the narrators in the chain 'their men are men of authenticity')  

Notice that the Prophet peace be upon him is saying that the Christians and Jews distorted their books JUST AS they lied about their Prophets. The context of the situation is that the Christians and Jews said that bowing down to their priests and rabbis was the greeting of the Prophets. This is a forgery and a lie. Thus if they were to corrupt their books in the same way they would have made up lies in the Torah and Gospel by introducing false statements into it. 

Mu'azh Ibn Jabal … told us that he went to Sham and saw the Christians prostrate to their Bishops and priests and saw the Jews prostrate to their Rabbis and scholars. He said, "Why do you do this?" they answered, "This is the greeting of Prophets (peace be upon him)".

Seeing that Zawadi has joined Jalal Abualrub here is a similar quote from a work which the latter has translated into English:

There is no dispute between the Imams that bowing before Shaikhs [or leaders] and kissing the ground before them, are impermissible acts. Even bending the back slightly for other than Allah is impermissible. In, al-Musnad (4038), and other books of ‘Hadith, there is a Hadith that states, "When Mu’adh ibn Jabal returned from as-Sham Area, he bowed down before the Prophet ... who said, ‘What is this, O, Mu’adh?’ He said, ‘O, Messenger of Allah! I saw the people in ash-Sham bowing down before their bishops and patriarchs, and they attributed this practice to their prophets.’ He said …

If I were to command any person to bow down before anyone, I will command the wife to bow down before her husband, because of his great right on her. O, Mu’adh! If you pass by my grave, would you bow down?’ Mu’adh said, ‘No.’ The Prophet said, ‘True, do not do it.’"

Also, Allah’s Apostle refused to allow the companions to stand up while he was sitting down, even though they were standing for prayer, so that it did not appear as though they were imitating those who stand up for their leaders. He also stated that those who like people to stand up for them will be among the people of the Fire…

Consequently, what about those who like people to bend the back from the head before them, and like to have their hands kissed? ‘Umar ibn Abdul Aziz was Allah’s Caliph [the supreme leader o the Islamic State] on earth. Yet, he appointed aids who would prevent those who sought his audience from kissing the ground in front of him. He used to discipline those who indulged in such practices before him.

Therefore, standing up or sitting down, Ruku (bowing) and Sujud (prostrating) are, and should only be directed, at the only One Who deserves to be worshipped, the Creator of the heavens and earth. An exclusive right for Allah, such as vowing, for example, should not be given to anyone or thing, except Allah alone. The Messenger of Allah said …

"He who intends to swear, let him swear by Allah or keep silent." He also said…

"He who swears by other than Allah, will have committed Shirk.

Certainly, ALL acts of worship can only be directed at Allah, Alone without partners

{And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allah, and worship none but Him Alone, and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give Zakat: and that is the right religion Allah}…

Hence, the Prophet forbade praying during these times, because praying then imitates the practice of the Mushriks, who perform Sujud to the sun. He also stated Satan attends the sunset, so that in reality, Sujud is performed for him. Consequently, what about an even more clear Shirk and imitation of the Mushriks than this [such as bowing in front of religious or political leaders]? Allah commanded His Messenger to say…

{Say (O, Muhammad): "O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians): Come to a word that is right between us and you, that we worship none but Allah, and that we associate no partners with Him, and that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allah. Then, if they turn away, say: "Bear witness that we are Muslims"}. Allah prohibited practices of the People of the Book, such as their taking each other as gods besides Allah… He who prefers the guidance of the likes of the Christians to the guidance of Allah’s Prophet his companions and those who followed their lead with excellence, has abandoned what Allah and His Messenger commanded and ordained. (Ibn Qayyim al-Jauziyyah, Zad-ul Ma'ad fi Hadyi Khairi-l 'Ibad [Provisions for the Hereafter Taken From the Guidance of Allah's Best Worshipper], translated by Jalal Abualrub, edited by Alaa Mencke & Shaheed M. Ali [Madinah Publishers & Distributors, Orlando Florida; First edition, October 2001], Volume 4, pp. 318-320, 324-25; bold emphasis ours)

To summarize the key arguments set forth by Zawadi’s source regarding the Holy Bible, note that his narration claims that:

There are a few problems with the assertion made by these particular Islamic references, the first of which is that the Jews and Christians were correct in what they said (provided that they did say what the narrative ascribes to them). The Holy Bible is replete with examples of both prophets and believers bowing before their elders, or before men or women whom God had honored and exalted. For the sake of space we will quote just a few examples:

"Then David said to the whole assembly, ‘Praise the LORD your God.’ So they all praised the LORD, the God of their fathers; they bowed low and fell prostrate before the LORD and the king." 1 Chronicles 29:20

"Joseph had a dream, and when he told it to his brothers, they hated him all the more. He said to them, ‘Listen to this dream I had: We were binding sheaves of grain out in the field when suddenly my sheaf rose and stood upright, while your sheaves gathered around mine and bowed down to it.’ His brothers said to him, "Do you intend to reign over us? Will you actually rule us?’ And they hated him all the more because of his dream and what he had said. Then he had another dream, and he told it to his brothers. ‘Listen,’ he said, ‘I had another dream, and this time the sun and moon and eleven stars were bowing down to me.’ When he told his father as well as his brothers, his father rebuked him and said, ‘What is this dream you had? Will your mother and I and your brothers actually come and bow down to the ground before you?’ His brothers were jealous of him, but his father kept the matter in mind." Genesis 37:5-11

"When Joseph came home, they presented to him the gifts they had brought into the house, and they bowed down before him to the ground. He asked them how they were, and then he said, ‘How is your aged father you told me about? Is he still living?’ They replied, ‘Your servant our father is still alive and well.’ And they bowed low to pay him honor." Genesis 43:26-28; cf. 44:14

Amazingly, the Quran confirms the biblical story of Joseph’s brothers bowing down before him!

(Remember) when Yusuf (Joseph) said to his father: "O my father! Verily, I saw (in a dream) eleven stars and the sun and the moon, I saw them prostrating themselves TO ME." He (the father) said: "O my son! Relate not your vision to your brothers, lest they arrange a plot against you. Verily! Shaitan (Satan) is to man an open enemy! S. 12:4-5

Then, when they entered unto Yusuf (Joseph), he betook his parents to himself and said: "Enter Egypt, if Allah wills, in security." And he raised his parents to the throne and they fell down before him prostrate. And he said: "O my father! This is the interpretation of my dream aforetime! My Lord has made it come true! He was indeed good to me, when He took me out of the prison, and brought you (all here) out of the bedouin-life, after Shaitan (Satan) had sown enmity between me and my brothers. Certainly, my Lord is the Most Courteous and Kind unto whom He will. Truly He! Only He is the All-Knowing, the All-Wise. S. 12:99-100

Here is Ibn Abbas’ explanation of Q. 12:100:

(And he placed his parents on the dais) on an elevated platform (and they fell down before him prostrate) i.e. his parents and brothers fell prostrate before him. This prostration was a sign of greeting between them: the person of humble standing prostrated to the person of high standing, the youth to the elderly and the young to the old; it is a slight bowing as is known among non-Arabs, … (Tanwr al-Miqbs min Tafsr Ibn ‘Abbs; source)

This next commentary is rather interesting since it contradicts Muhammad and confirms what the Jews and Christians supposedly told Muadh:

And he raised his parents, he seated them next to him, upon the throne, and they fell down, that is, his parents and brothers, prostrating before him - a prostration that was [actually] a bowing down, not placing their foreheads down [on the ground]; this was their standard [form of] greeting at that time… (Tafsir al-Jalalayn; source; bold and underline emphasis ours)

{Side note: the two Jalals’ assertion that prostration in this context didn’t entail placing the foreheads to the ground is nothing more than eisegesis since the Arabic word here, sajda, is used in reference to the Muslim worship of prostrating to the ground before Allah. It is apparent from their comments that the Jalals were troubled by the Quran stating that believers prostrated before another human being.}

Zawadi now has a major problem. The hadith he quoted has Muhammad claiming that such bowing was a proof that Jews and Christians distorted their Books and yet in his own Quran we find prophets of God such as Jacob bowing down before a human being! If such a practice is proof of textual tampering then this means that the Quran has been corrupted as well and suggests that such verses were only added later to the Quran by corrupt Muslim scribes.

One Muslim who saw the problem with the Quran teaching that certain prophets received prostration is Sher Ali. He translates Q. 12:100 in a way where it is not Joseph who receives prostration but Allah!

And he raised his parents upon the throne and they all fell down prostrate BEFORE ALLAH for him

Sher Ali is joined by the late Maulana Muhammad Ali who translates the same passage in the following manner:

And he raised his parents on the throne, and they fall prostrate FOR HIS SAKE ... (Source; capital emphasis ours)

Ali's footnote states:

100b Seeing the highly dignified position to which Joseph had been raised in Egypt, they all fell prostrate BEFORE GOD as a mark of thanksgiving ... (underline and capital emphasis ours)

Both Alis evidently realized the problem with Joseph receiving prostration since it violates the worship which Muslims claim that only Allah receives.

The late Muhammad Asad mentions Ibn Abbas as another Muslim who was troubled with Joseph receiving prostration:

According to `Abd Allah ibn `Abbas (as quoted by Razi), the personal pronoun in "before Him" relates to God, since it is inconceivable that Joseph would have allowed his parents to prostrate themselves before himself. (Asad, The Message of the Qur'an [Dar Al-Andalus Limited 3 Library Ramp, Gibraltar rpt. 1993], p. 353, fn. 98; source)

But it gets worse for Muhammad and his followers such as Zawadi. The Quran says that Allah even commanded his angelic hosts to prostrate before Adam:

And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate yourselves before Adam." And they prostrated except Iblis (Satan), he refused and was proud and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allah). S. 2:34

And (remember) when We said to the angels; "Prostrate to Adam." So they prostrated except Iblis (Satan). He was one of the jinns; he disobeyed the Command of his Lord. Will you then take him (Iblis) and his offspring as protectors and helpers rather than Me while they are enemies to you? What an evil is the exchange for the Zalimun (polytheists, and wrong-doers, etc). S. 18:50

Notice what Muhammad Ali did with Q. 2:34 in his translation:

And when We said to the angels, Be SUBMISSIVE to Adam, they SUBMITTED, but Iblis (did not) … S. 2:34 (Source; capital emphasis ours)

He notes:

34a Sajada is really synonymous with khad'a, i.e. he was lowly or submissive (LL). In the Holy Qur'an, the word is frequently used to signify simple submission. And you will also say, sajadu la-hu meaning he saluted him or he paid respect or honour to him (LL).

This again demonstrates that Ali had a real difficult time with these Quranic passages that portray creatures receiving worship. His comments show that he clearly was aware that these acts were express violations of the pure worship which Muslim polemicists such as Zawadi and Abualrub claim must be given to none but Allah.

To see the reasons why these particular translations are wrong due to the way the Quran uses this word sajda we recommend this article.

Thus, the foregoing examples conclusively prove that Muhammad contradicted his own Quran and impugned the prophets by accusing them of failing to uphold the exclusive worship given to Allah by permitting individuals to worship or prostrate before them.

Now since this was the main argument set forth in al-Mustadrak to prove that the Jews and Christians tampered with their Book does this therefore mean that Muslims corrupted the Quran as well? Or does this suggest that Muhammad didn’t know what he was talking about or that this hadith is a fabrication?

More importantly, will Zawadi apply his argumentation consistently and admit that:

a) The Muslims have corrupted the Quran since it contains references to prophets and men being worshiped or receiving prostration?

b) Muhammad was ignorant about the facts of the matter and/or contradicted his own Quran?

c) Or the hadith in question is a forgery, despite it having a sound chain, since it impugns Muhammad’s credibility and knowledge of the historical facts and about the contents of his own scripture?

As if this weren’t bad enough there are specific narrations stating that Muhammad allowed people to kiss his hands and feet, to drink his blood, and smear his saliva upon them!

For instance, here are a few reports compiled by the late renowned Muslim jurist Qadi ‘Iyad and cited in his monumental work ‘Ash-Shifa which mention Muslims drinking Muhammad’s blood, his leftover water and even his urine!

Muhammad ibn Sa’d, al-Waqidi’s scribe, related that ‘A’isha said to the Prophet, "When you come from relieving yourself, we do not see anything noxious from you." He said, "‘A’isha, don’t you know that the earth swallows up what comes out of the prophets so that none of it is seen?"

Although this tradition is not famous, the people of knowledge still mention the purity of his faeces and urine…

There was also a time when Malik ibn Sinan DRANK HIS BLOOD on the Day of Uhud and licked it up. The Prophet allowed him to do that and then said, "The Fire will not touch you."

Something similar occurred when ‘Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr drank cupped blood. The Prophet said, "Woe to you from the people and woe to the people from you," but he did not object to what he had done.

Something similar is related about when a woman DRANK SOME OF HIS URINE. He told her, "You will never complain of a stomach-ache."

He did not order any of them to wash their mouths out nor did he forbid them to do it again.

The hadith of the woman drinking the urine is sound. Ad-Daraqutni follows Muslim and al-Bukhari who relate it in the Sahih. The name of this woman was Baraka, but they disagree about her lineage. Some say that it was Umm Ayman, a wooden cup he placed under his bed in which he would urinate during the night. One night he urinated in it and when he examined it in the morning there was nothing in it. He asked Baraka about that. She said, "I got up and felt thirsty, so I drank it without knowing." The hadith is related by Ibn Jurayj and others. (Qadi 'Iyad Ibn Musa al-Yahsubi, Kitab Ash-shifa bi ta'rif huquq al-Mustafa (Healing by the recognition of the Rights of the Chosen One), translated by Aisha Abdarrahman Bewley [Madinah Press, Inverness, Scotland, U.K., third reprint 1991, paperback], pp. 35-37; capital and underline emphasis ours)

The Qadi further noted that:

When Quraysh sent 'Urwa ibn Mas'ud to the Messenger of Allah in the year of al-Hudaybiyya, he saw the unparalleled respect which his Companions displayed towards him. Whenever he did 'wudu they ran to get his leftover 'wudu water and nearly fought over it. If he spat they took it with their hands and wiped it on their faces and bodies. If a hair of his fell they ran to get it. If he commanded them to do something, they ran to do his command. If he spoke, they lowered their voices in his presence. They did not stare at him due to their respect for him. When he returned to Quraysh, he said, "People of Quraysh! I have been to Chosroes in his kingdom, and Caesar in his kingdom and the Negus in his kingdom, but by Allah, I have not seen any king among his people treated anything like the way Muhammad is treated by his Companions."…

Anas said, "I saw the Messenger when his hair was being shaved. His companions were around him and whenever a lock fell, a man picked it up." (Pp. 236-237; underline emphasis ours)

The sahih ahadith narrate something similar:

… Before embracing Islam Al-Mughira was in the company of some people. He killed them and took their property and came (to Medina) to embrace Islam. The Prophet said (to him, "As regards your Islam, I accept it, but as for the property I do not take anything of it. (As it was taken through treason). Urwa then started looking at the Companions of the Prophet. By Allah, whenever Allah's Apostle spat, the spittle would fall in the hand of one of them (i.e. the Prophet's companions) WHO WOULD RUB IT ON HIS FACE AND SKIN; if he ordered them they would carry his orders immediately; if he performed ablution, they would struggle to take the remaining water; and when they spoke to him, they would lower their voices and would not look at his face constantly out of respect. Urwa returned to his people and said, "O people! By Allah, I have been to the kings and to Caesar, Khosrau and An-Najashi, yet I have never seen any of them respected by his courtiers as much as Muhammad is respected by his companions. By Allah, if he spat, the spittle would fall in the hand of one of them (i.e. the Prophet's companions) who would rub it on his face and skin; if he ordered them, they would carry out his order immediately; if he performed ablution, they would struggle to take the remaining water; and when they spoke, they would lower their voices and would not look at his face constantly out of respect." (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 50, Number 891)

The following Muslim writer provides some examples in an article he wrote where certain people, including Jews and Christians, kissed Muhammad's hands and feet:

The Companions knew well the baraka in the hand of the Prophet; they also knew about its being the symbol of Divine generosity and power. They loved to touch and kiss it, they competed for the water he had dipped it in, and, after his death, those who never saw him were eager to touch and kiss those hands that had touched him.

Both the Jews and the Christians who recognized the Prophet as a Divine envoy also showed their love and respect for him by kissing both his hands and his feet.

Once, after the Prophet's emigration to Madina, a Jew said to a friend of his, "Let us go to this Prophet!" his friend said, "Say not Prophet! Were he to hear you he would have four eyes!" They came to the Prophet and asked him about nine things which he answered. They kissed his hands and feet, saying, "We testify that you are a Prophet!" "What prevents you from following me?" he asked. "David prayed that there should always be a Prophet from his progeny. We fear, were we to follow you, that the Jews would kill us!" [79- Tirmidhi 5/72 Nisa'i 7:111] …

When the delegation of 'Abdal Qays reached Madina, [they had such longing for the Prophet that] they jumped off their camels and rushed to him, kissing his hands and feet. [92- Majma'al- Zawa'id 9:389] …

The famous Follower, Thabit al-Bunani, Anas ibn Malik's student, said, "Whenever I visited Anas, they told him I was there, he came to me, and I took both his hands and kissed them saying, "My father be the ransom of these hands that have touched the Messenger of Allah, may Allah's blessings and peace be upon him!" and I kissed his eyes saying, "My father be the ransom of these eyes which have seen the Messenger of Allah, may Allah's blessings and peace be upon him!" [96- Majma'al-Zawa'id 9:325] …

Burayda said, "A Bedouin came to the Prophet, may Allah's blessings and peace be upon him, saying, 'O Messenger of Allah, I have accepted Islam, so show me something that will increase me in certitude!' He asked him, 'What do you want?' He replied, 'Call this tree, let it come to you!' 'Go to her and call her!' He told him. The Bedouin went to the tree saying, 'Answer the Messenger of Allah!' The tree leaned to one side, pulling her roots out, then to the other, pulling her roots out then she went to the Prophet, may Allah's blessings and peace be upon him, saying, 'Peace be upon you O Messenger of Allah!' The Bedouin exclaimed, 'This is sufficient for me! This is sufficient for me!' The Prophet, may Allah's blessings and peace be upon him, said, 'Go back!' so it returned to its place and struck its roots again. The Bedouin said, 'Permit me, O Messenger of Allah, to kiss your hands and feet!' He did [kiss his hands and feet], then said, 'Permit me to prostate myself before you!' 'No man should prostate himself before another man!' he replied." [98- Suyuti, al-Khasa'is al-Kubra, 2:200, Bazzar, and Abu Nu'aym] (Dr. Mostafa al-Badawi, The Hand of the Prophet; source; underline emphasis ours)

It is truly strange that Muhammad refused to allow a man to prostrate before him even though he allowed him to kiss his very hands and feet! Isn't kissing the feet of a mere man just as much an act of worship as bowing before him? In fact, to bow down before someone isn't always considered an act of worship as far as the Holy Bible is concerned.

And what do we say about Muhammad permitting people to drink his blood and smear his saliva on them? Aren’t these practices extreme acts of devotion and worship, bordering on the fanatical? Didn’t Muhammad know that the drinking of blood violated the biblical commands of God?

"If any one of the house of Israel or of the strangers who sojourn among them eats any blood, I will set my face against that person who eats blood and will cut him off from among his people. For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it for you on the altar to make atonement for your souls, for it is the blood that makes atonement by the life. Therefore I have said to the people of Israel, No person among you shall eat blood, neither shall any stranger who sojourns among you eat blood. Any one also of the people of Israel, or of the strangers who sojourn among them, who takes in hunting any beast or bird that may be eaten shall pour out its blood and cover it with earth. For the life of every creature is its blood: its blood is its life. Therefore I have said to the people of Israel, You shall not eat the blood of any creature, for the life of every creature is its blood. Whoever eats it shall be cut off." Leviticus 17:10-14

"but should write to them to abstain from the things polluted by idols, and from sexual immorality, and from what has been strangled, and from blood… For it has seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us to lay on you no greater burden than these requirements: that you abstain from what has been sacrificed to idols, and from blood, and from what has been strangled, and from sexual immorality. If you keep yourselves from these, you will do well. Farewell." Acts 15:28-29

It also violated the commands of his own scripture!

He has only forbidden you what dies of itself, and blood, and flesh of swine, and that over which any other (name) than (that of) Allah has been invoked; but whoever is driven to necessity, not desiring, nor exceeding the limit, no sin shall be upon him; surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. S. 2:173 Shakir

Say: I do not find in that which has been revealed to me anything forbidden for an eater to eat of except that it be what has died of itself, or blood poured forth, or flesh of swine -- for that surely is unclean -- or that which is a transgression, other than (the name of) Allah having been invoked on it; but whoever is driven to necessity, not desiring nor exceeding the limit, then surely your Lord is Forgiving, Merciful. S. 6:145 Shakir; cf. 5:3; 16:115

More importantly, isn’t this the height of hypocrisy on Muhammad’s part, to complain and assault Jews and Christians for bowing to their religious leaders as a sign of respect, when he had the audacity to permit individuals to kiss his hands and feet, to smear his saliva upon them and to drink his blood?

We will let Zawadi clear up all of this mess.

Continue with Part 2: Muhammad's Duplicity

Further Reading

Rebuttals to Answering-Christianity
Articles by Sam Shamoun
Answering Islam Home Page