Israel, Heb: Yisra'el (), meaning "God prevails", or "he struggles with God", a very fitting name considering the history of the Israelites. Children of Israel: Ar: Bani Israel

In the Bible, this name was used to refer to :

  1. Jacob, grandson of Abraham. God gave Jacob this new name (Gen 32:28).
  2. descendents of Jacob until the death of Solomon.
  3. the northern kingdom, as distinguished from Judah, the southern kingdom, after the death of Solomon.
  4. the name of the nation after the return from the Exile.
The people of Israel are called Israelites in the Bible, and modern day citizens of the nation of Israel are called Israelis.

The Muslims use this to refer to the nation of Israel, or the Jews.

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